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IMPERIALISM, THE STATE AND THE CURRENT REFORMS

So much has been said and written about the problem of socialism to the extent that the intellect of many people especially those who have never been part of the proletarian –socialist movement have become numbered. It is true that for the greatest majority of the South African masses including progressive intellectuals and activists the stand, the viewpoint and method of scientific socialism are but little known. The bourgeoisie, whether of nationalist or imperialist or opportunist orientation have appointed themselves as the authorities on questions and problems of socialism and opportunism with those of Marxism – Leninism.

In as much as there is the class struggle going on in society today, in as such as the struggle for the survival of imperialism on the one hand and the victory of socialism on other-in so far as this is the case universally here on earth, of necessity, the stand, the viewpoint and method of the warring classes must be and is different in all things pertaining to human destiny. Should you not be firm, should you waver in matters concerning the interests and destiny of the masses, you must rest assured that the enemy will take full advantage of that weakness in order to drive its own interest home—for if you consider the world as a whole, the imperialist system, far from the bold face its champions And stooges try portray, is fighting for its very survival.

 

 

 

CITIZENS.

We belong to a developing country and with the correct orientation and attitude towards our enemies; we should know what we are talking about.

Let us elucidate our point a bit more. The fact of the disintegration of the Soviet Union as it then was is today a matter known to anyone with the least interest in world politics. And almost any fool will now tell you that at the time of its collapse, the soviet union was led or ruled if you like, by bureaucrats, indeed, bureaucrats who so mismanaged the economy that only a shadow of its former glitter remained when Gorbachov took over.

The imperialists and their lap-dogs the world over wasted no time in decrying socialism as the culprit for the soviet people` Woes. But hardly has the dust settled than many of the pieces are coming together supplied as they are by the imperialists themselves. When the Soviet Union was a super-power and was competing with what the other super-power i.e. the U.S.A imperialists- all the imperialists depicted it as a socialist or communist state in line with what soviet bureaucrats themselves used to claim. But now stories based on fact are all over to the effect that the tight political and military cliques that ruled the Soviet Union in the name of communism actually comprised rich and millionaire cliques including their surrogates. So that, yes, there was oppression and exploitation of the soviet people- yes, there was oppression and exploitation of the soviet and Warsaw pact nations and nationalities—indeed, almost all the general features of Tsarist rule were present and indeed there had to be the disintegration that did occur.

What was the political basis for all this? It was a rule of a bureaucratic clique—a clique that masked itself as Communist but was nevertheless a clique of oppressors and exploiters, as an imperialist block has gone first. Political bureaucracy, a revisionist bureaucracy! What was the socio- economic basis for this? It was like in every capitalist system, a system based on the exploitation of the labour-power of the soviet working classes and on the derivation of maximum profits in the oppression and exploitation of all the non-Russian people under their direct and indirect rule. It was socialism in words and capitalism in deeds—in a word, social- imperialism, part of the imperialist system of exploitation and having nothing to do with socialism.

The pursuit of an adventurous foreign policy based on rivalry with the U.S.A, a rivalry aimed at world domination is what contributed greatest in the final collapse of the Soviet Union, of revisionism and social-imperialism. But the rivalry also affected the U.S imperialists because for both super-powers military superiority became a priority for three whole decades—this greatly drained their national coffers. The Soviet – Warsaw Pact imperialist block has gone first. The U.S is also paying the price with its current 4trillion dollar foreign debt and almost 450bn dollar budget deficit.

I have touched on this question rather briefly in order to make one point quite clear and this is: Do not believe everything you hear from the imperialists and their surrogates especially when they try to teach or inform you on questions of socialism. You cannot trust them even when they speak about themselves except when they are denouncing one another—then you learn the truth about each by reading selectively between the line whilst you gather your own information about the whole system of imperialism.

Let us proceed. Recognition of the mutual exhaustion of the two super- powers as they were then, i.e. the U.S.S.R and U.S.A. was evidenced by the coming into power of Gorbachov in the Soviet Union after the successive deaths of Brezhnev and Andropov and Chernenko. A policy of approachment between the two super-powers led to the lessening of tensions in several regions of the world, particularly in the developing world. This policy was one that came out of necessity and not because of a change of heart between these belligerents. The necessity was one for a much-needed respite by both even for quite clearly different reasons although for both it was economic. The story of Soviet Union is well-known. Regarding western imperialism led by the U.S developments had been taking place towards the restructuring, consolidation and the more thorough implementation of the imperialist system.

We all know that the system of imperialism began to operate as much during the period of the Anglo-Boer War i.e. 1898 – 1902 and that it began to replace the capitalist system of colonialism, imperialism as the highest stage in the development of capitalism replaced the emphasis on raw materials from the colonies with the export of capital and in constructional politics it replaced the direct rule of colonialism with the granting of political independence to one country after another even though in many developing countries, the colonized peoples have had to take up arms before the imperialists made the necessary political adjustments.

The fact of the political independence even though developing countries have had to be dependent on imperialism economically, has the independent countries pursuing socio-economic programmes as they saw fit.

CITIZENS:

Believe us when we tell you that the situation is today completely different. And let us tell you why and you must judge for yourselves. When you do, remember what each and every nationalist politician has said to you, then see for yourselves as to what the role of nationalism is or has become in this changed global situation. Try to find out what difference of principle each nationalist organization has with another or for that matter with the racist minority regime, Inkatha or any of those that our experience has taught us that they are reactionaries. In this talk we shall pass no judgments, you do so yourselves:

Let us then proceed.

In an attempt to address the problems of imperialist political economy- problems which are recurrent and which will haunt imperialism down to its grave, a trend began developing first in Europe and then to America and currently has become the official policy of all imperialism. This trend was for one state controlled industry after another to be privatized—meaning to be converted into the ownership of big capital. Successive of Europe then America were at the same time coming up with the appropriate legislation for the deregulation of industries so as to make privatization more palatable to the monopoly capitalists. Side by side with this privatization and deregulation trend, corporate taxation has been adjusted to suit the big companies whilst measures are passed to retrieve some of the money through a higher personal tax. In short, this accompanying trend is towards lifting the burden of taxation from the corporations and putting it on the working masses. In this two pronged process, the capitalist trend of turning everything into a commodity has sprung to the fore because all social services have been turned into profit linked activities and they too become privatized, these are services such as schools, universities, housing, domestic electricity, etc.

The privatization and deregulation trend which the imperialists began in the advanced countries, they turned on the developing countries. As a conduct for these policies, there already existed two important economic and financial institutions. These are the Bretton Woods institutions, the IMF and the World Bank. They were created in 1944 and have operated in two phases, Mark1 and Mark 2. Mark 1 operated from 1944 until 1971 and was concerned with the rebuilding of post World War 2 Europe, played a role in developing and regulating the international money system and the payment system. Mark 2 came into operation from 1971 and particularly 1978/9 when emphasis of the Bretton woods institutions turned towards the developing countries.

The general repayment crisis of the developing world which screened in the newspaper headlines in the period 1979 to 1986 and included the American Banks’ debt exposure to Latin America in the mid ‘80s thrust the Bretton Woods Institutions into forward positions negotiating and setting up conditions for debt repayments, debt servicing and conditions for further loans, etc. This at the same time gave the imperialists the opportunity to dictate terms of the new imperialist world order

Apart from the privatization and deregulation general framework dictated by world imperialism to developing countries on the basis of investment and loans blackmail through the IMF and the World Bank, let us take a look at some salient points in their structural Adjustment Programme (SAP). The developing countries have been told and do not exclude South Africa:

  1. Devalue your national currency severely so as to stimulate exports hence the so-called financial rand.

  2. Price subsidies must be abolished – hence the revering price of bread, transportation etc.

  3. Lower the wages – hence the so –called social contract that many of the respected trade unions have signed and put into practice with management behind the worker. We could put it this way that instead of struggles for real higher wages, feed the workers demagogy and keep them busy with imaginary political struggle which are anyway neither here nor there.

  4. State investment must be reduced through privatization increasing opportunities for foreign capital.

  5. Trade and exchange restrictions must be abolished or reduced so as to further give advantage to foreign corporations to the detriment of the South African small bourgeoisie ultimately.

In addition to these and few other conditions, there must be in existence constitutions of the so-called multi party democracy where the relevant bourgeois domestic classes are guaranteed monopoly directly or indirectly in the government and state.

It is clear from this and other related facts that the primary cause for the constitutional changes that have in the past decade or so swept the three continents of the developing countries has been pressure from the imperialists themselves, it has been the desperation of imperialism to implement its new world order, an order of restructured and consolidated imperialism the world over. In this pursuit, the genuine struggles of a particular people for progress are harnessed by using the popular organizations to short-circuit the peoples’ demands, to cheat the people of the control of their destiny – and instead, to realize the temporary solutions of the imperialist system and in the process be well rewarded with government positions to a relative extent

But as the restructured imperialism takes over the heretofore socio-economic upliftment roles of developing countries’ governments, it is clear that whoever assists imperialism in its new order must necessarily forego all previously cherished ideals and programmes for the people and must be prepared to serve imperialist super profits in exactly the same manner as Sebe and Mangope have served the regime – and must do so with subterfuge and plain lies. In such a hopeless lapdog position, is it surprising to hear a fully matured nationalist politician warning before the result of his capitulation reaches fruition in this fashion: “People must not expect miracles! People must have realistic expectations” and some such unwarranted confessions!

We have to ask: what must the people expect under a more direct imperialist yoke? What must the people expect when they put their trust and destiny in the hands of those who have used them – no, those who are using them to compete with reactionaries for a place in the imperialist lap? The following trend is to be expected for certain!

 

Between 1976 and1986 the total external debt of the Southern African countries more than doubled US $72 bn. Their debt servicing obligations as a percentage against exports has also more than doubled from 14% in 1979 to 31% in 1987, on average. Taking population growth in to consideration, living standards declined sharply and between 1980 and 1986 GDP per capita fell by an average of 3.4% p.s. and life expectancy at 50 years average is lower than anywhere else in the world. With almost one third of export earning earmarked for debt serving living standards are at the mercy of any further fall in the price of export commodities like that which reduced Africa`s export earnings by £19 bn in 1986 (the statistics are supplied by Laurence Harris in the Bretton Woods system and Africa a thesis) All of this picture becomes worse when these statistics are related to what all of you see happening today in your very lives. Retrenchments are on the order of the day, houses have become unaffordable for the majority and shacks are springing up by the day, students are excluded from universities indeed, the list is never ending. Despite what a particular demagogue of one nationalist organization or another might say at one time or another, in practice and this is what really matters all nationalist politicians today and through organizations queued up to be served at the imperialist banquet table. None of them makes any coherent democratic demands which they seriously pursue. It has now become a struggle amongst themselves jointly and severally of who is going to the bourgeois parliament the earliest!

Many of you frequent nationalist gatherings. What do they say? They are at pains to explain to the people that they are the ones who started the negotiations. The others say sure! But we are the ones that came in with the demand that the imperialists or their running dogs must come and supervise the negotiations! We are the ones who demanded a neutral venue! To this level has the South Africa nationalist degenerated.

When the ZANU`s, FRELIMO`s, and others fought for their freedom they for the most part had lofty ideals concerning the destiny of their people! It can be said that by suing for peace the imperialists colonialists in those countries were defending their interests and tricked the people into neo-colonialism. Our nationalists see neo-colonialism in its most barbarous form, yet they are over one another to serve it, prepared to tell lies and go to the extent of hoodwinking the masses as to their real goals.

CITIZENS!

There is only one way in which to see current reforms in their true light. It is by observing them as the unfolding of the dictates of the imperialist bourgeoisie through the Bretton Woods institutions which not only issue the orders but directly manipulates government relevant parties along these lines. Any other claim is a blue lie which can be afforded by experienced and political demagogue!

Because the shyster politician has no programme of his organization and because everything is dependent on the whims of the imperialists and various shades of South African monopoly capital and because the nationalist is proving to be the purveyor and bulwark of the liberal bourgeois interests, there is of course no relevance seen in the revolutionary replace mark of the present bourgeois and racist state with a people democratic republic.

We all know that a state is the organ of force in the hands of one or other ruling class. That history knows of no neutral or classless state. The slave master, the feudal-lord, the bourgeoisie! All of them in historical succession have had organized force to in the final analysis protect their interests. Each one of them in overthrowing the other one as ruling class and in order to impose its own dictatorship has had to fashion a state to enforce the relevant class will over the whole of society.

In this country and at least since the first racist republic in 1961, the racist bourgeoisie has had a firm grip on what is essentially a bourgeois state serving ultimately the interests of all big capitalists.

In the current reforms, not a single negotiator is talking of a different state from the present. The talk of additions to the SADF, the assurances to the mostly white bureaucracy , the smug satisfaction often expressed by the liberal nationalists on the fact that there are blacks in the SAP and prisons authorities all of this does not alter the position one bit. Essentially, what these people are saying is that the present state, complete with its bureaucracy, the army the police and the prisons, is just fine? The fact of the matter is that in so far as suppression is concerned the current state is aiming at the working people and in so far as the people`s needs are concerned , it has no will and shall never be tailored to serve the interests of the people even under the most liberal government of the day.

What the democratic classes and the revolutionary proletariat need for the crowning of the victory over their enemies is a revolutionary peoples dictatorship, a People`s Democratic Republic or a New Democratic Republic which shall be at the service of the people and at the same time a guarantee against the restoration of the counterrevolutionaries.

A New Democratic Republic executing the people`s policies of a new democratic economic system including the expropriation of big capital, the nationalization of all land and the 8hr working day is the surest guarantee that the revolutionary people shall govern their own destiny, the small bourgeoisie shall have a chance to develop free of the monopoly capitalist strangulation- the peasants shall till the land without big capitalist farmers` economic strangulation and the workers shall have time for themselves while there shall exist the potential for further investment for more jobs.

CITIZENS:

Today, the struggle against the regime is even closer than before linked to the struggle against imperialism. The social force most suitably and historically placed to lead this struggle is the revolutionary proletariat.

 

Forward to the New Democratic Republic - Forward!!!

In as much as there is the class struggle going on in society today, in as such as the struggle for the survival of imperialism on the one hand and the victory of socialism on other-in so far as this is the case universally here on earth, of necessity, the stand, the viewpoint and method of the warring classes must be and is different in all things pertaining to human destiny. Should you not be firm, should you waver in matters concerning the interests and destiny of the masses, you must rest assured that the enemy will take full advantage of that weakness in order to drive its own interest home—for if you consider the world as a whole, the imperialist system, far from the bold face its champions And stooges try portray, is fighting for its very survival.

 

 

 

CITIZENS.

We belong to a developing country and with the correct orientation and attitude towards our enemies; we should know what we are talking about.

Let us elucidate our point a bit more. The fact of the disintegration of the Soviet Union as it then was is today a matter known to anyone with the least interest in world politics. And almost any fool will now tell you that at the time of its collapse, the soviet union was led or ruled if you like, by bureaucrats, indeed, bureaucrats who so mismanaged the economy that only a shadow of its former glitter remained when Gorbachov took over.

The imperialists and their lap-dogs the world over wasted no time in decrying socialism as the culprit for the soviet people` Woes. But hardly has the dust settled than many of the pieces are coming together supplied as they are by the imperialists themselves. When the Soviet Union was a super-power and was competing with what the other super-power i.e. the U.S.A imperialists- all the imperialists depicted it as a socialist or communist state in line with what soviet bureaucrats themselves used to claim. But now stories based on fact are all over to the effect that the tight political and military cliques that ruled the Soviet Union in the name of communism actually comprised rich and millionaire cliques including their surrogates. So that, yes, there was oppression and exploitation of the soviet people- yes, there was oppression and exploitation of the soviet and Warsaw pact nations and nationalities—indeed, almost all the general features of Tsarist rule were present and indeed there had to be the disintegration that did occur.

What was the political basis for all this? It was a rule of a bureaucratic clique—a clique that masked itself as Communist but was nevertheless a clique of oppressors and exploiters, as an imperialist block has gone first. Political bureaucracy, a revisionist bureaucracy! What was the socio- economic basis for this? It was like in every capitalist system, a system based on the exploitation of the labour-power of the soviet working classes and on the derivation of maximum profits in the oppression and exploitation of all the non-Russian people under their direct and indirect rule. It was socialism in words and capitalism in deeds—in a word, social- imperialism, part of the imperialist system of exploitation and having nothing to do with socialism.

The pursuit of an adventurous foreign policy based on rivalry with the U.S.A, a rivalry aimed at world domination is what contributed greatest in the final collapse of the Soviet Union, of revisionism and social-imperialism. But the rivalry also affected the U.S imperialists because for both super-powers military superiority became a priority for three whole decades—this greatly drained their national coffers. The Soviet – Warsaw Pact imperialist block has gone first. The U.S is also paying the price with its current 4trillion dollar foreign debt and almost 450bn dollar budget deficit.

I have touched on this question rather briefly in order to make one point quite clear and this is: Do not believe everything you hear from the imperialists and their surrogates especially when they try to teach or inform you on questions of socialism. You cannot trust them even when they speak about themselves except when they are denouncing one another—then you learn the truth about each by reading selectively between the line whilst you gather your own information about the whole system of imperialism.

Let us proceed. Recognition of the mutual exhaustion of the two super- powers as they were then, i.e. the U.S.S.R and U.S.A. was evidenced by the coming into power of Gorbachov in the Soviet Union after the successive deaths of Brezhnev and Andropov and Chernenko. A policy of approachment between the two super-powers led to the lessening of tensions in several regions of the world, particularly in the developing world. This policy was one that came out of necessity and not because of a change of heart between these belligerents. The necessity was one for a much-needed respite by both even for quite clearly different reasons although for both it was economic. The story of Soviet Union is well-known. Regarding western imperialism led by the U.S developments had been taking place towards the restructuring, consolidation and the more thorough implementation of the imperialist system.

We all know that the system of imperialism began to operate as much during the period of the Anglo-Boer War i.e. 1898 – 1902 and that it began to replace the capitalist system of colonialism, imperialism as the highest stage in the development of capitalism replaced the emphasis on raw materials from the colonies with the export of capital and in constructional politics it replaced the direct rule of colonialism with the granting of political independence to one country after another even though in many developing countries, the colonized peoples have had to take up arms before the imperialists made the necessary political adjustments.

The fact of the political independence even though developing countries have had to be dependent on imperialism economically, has the independent countries pursuing socio-economic programmes as they saw fit.

CITIZENS:

Believe us when we tell you that the situation is today completely different. And let us tell you why and you must judge for yourselves. When you do, remember what each and every nationalist politician has said to you, then see for yourselves as to what the role of nationalism is or has become in this changed global situation. Try to find out what difference of principle each nationalist organization has with another or for that matter with the racist minority regime, Inkatha or any of those that our experience has taught us that they are reactionaries. In this talk we shall pass no judgments, you do so yourselves:

Let us then proceed.

In an attempt to address the problems of imperialist political economy- problems which are recurrent and which will haunt imperialism down to its grave, a trend began developing first in Europe and then to America and currently has become the official policy of all imperialism. This trend was for one state controlled industry after another to be privatized—meaning to be converted into the ownership of big capital. Successive of Europe then America were at the same time coming up with the appropriate legislation for the deregulation of industries so as to make privatization more palatable to the monopoly capitalists. Side by side with this privatization and deregulation trend, corporate taxation has been adjusted to suit the big companies whilst measures are passed to retrieve some of the money through a higher personal tax. In short, this accompanying trend is towards lifting the burden of taxation from the corporations and putting it on the working masses. In this two pronged process, the capitalist trend of turning everything into a commodity has sprung to the fore because all social services have been turned into profit linked activities and they too become privatized, these are services such as schools, universities, housing, domestic electricity, etc.

The privatization and deregulation trend which the imperialists began in the advanced countries, they turned on the developing countries. As a conduct for these policies, there already existed two important economic and financial institutions. These are the Bretton Woods institutions, the IMF and the World Bank. They were created in 1944 and have operated in two phases, Mark1 and Mark 2. Mark 1 operated from 1944 until 1971 and was concerned with the rebuilding of post World War 2 Europe, played a role in developing and regulating the international money system and the payment system. Mark 2 came into operation from 1971 and particularly 1978/9 when emphasis of the Bretton woods institutions turned towards the developing countries.

The general repayment crisis of the developing world which screened in the newspaper headlines in the period 1979 to 1986 and included the American Banks’ debt exposure to Latin America in the mid ‘80s thrust the Bretton Woods Institutions into forward positions negotiating and setting up conditions for debt repayments, debt servicing and conditions for further loans, etc. This at the same time gave the imperialists the opportunity to dictate terms of the new imperialist world order

Apart from the privatization and deregulation general framework dictated by world imperialism to developing countries on the basis of investment and loans blackmail through the IMF and the World Bank, let us take a look at some salient points in their structural Adjustment Programme (SAP). The developing countries have been told and do not exclude South Africa:

  1. Devalue your national currency severely so as to stimulate exports hence the so-called financial rand.

  2. Price subsidies must be abolished – hence the revering price of bread, transportation etc.

  3. Lower the wages – hence the so –called social contract that many of the respected trade unions have signed and put into practice with management behind the worker. We could put it this way that instead of struggles for real higher wages, feed the workers demagogy and keep them busy with imaginary political struggle which are anyway neither here nor there.

  4. State investment must be reduced through privatization increasing opportunities for foreign capital.

  5. Trade and exchange restrictions must be abolished or reduced so as to further give advantage to foreign corporations to the detriment of the South African small bourgeoisie ultimately.

In addition to these and few other conditions, there must be in existence constitutions of the so-called multi party democracy where the relevant bourgeois domestic classes are guaranteed monopoly directly or indirectly in the government and state.

It is clear from this and other related facts that the primary cause for the constitutional changes that have in the past decade or so swept the three continents of the developing countries has been pressure from the imperialists themselves, it has been the desperation of imperialism to implement its new world order, an order of restructured and consolidated imperialism the world over. In this pursuit, the genuine struggles of a particular people for progress are harnessed by using the popular organizations to short-circuit the peoples’ demands, to cheat the people of the control of their destiny – and instead, to realize the temporary solutions of the imperialist system and in the process be well rewarded with government positions to a relative extent

But as the restructured imperialism takes over the heretofore socio-economic upliftment roles of developing countries’ governments, it is clear that whoever assists imperialism in its new order must necessarily forego all previously cherished ideals and programmes for the people and must be prepared to serve imperialist super profits in exactly the same manner as Sebe and Mangope have served the regime – and must do so with subterfuge and plain lies. In such a hopeless lapdog position, is it surprising to hear a fully matured nationalist politician warning before the result of his capitulation reaches fruition in this fashion: “People must not expect miracles! People must have realistic expectations” and some such unwarranted confessions!

We have to ask: what must the people expect under a more direct imperialist yoke? What must the people expect when they put their trust and destiny in the hands of those who have used them – no, those who are using them to compete with reactionaries for a place in the imperialist lap? The following trend is to be expected for certain!

 

Between 1976 and1986 the total external debt of the Southern African countries more than doubled US $72 bn. Their debt servicing obligations as a percentage against exports has also more than doubled from 14% in 1979 to 31% in 1987, on average. Taking population growth in to consideration, living standards declined sharply and between 1980 and 1986 GDP per capita fell by an average of 3.4% p.s. and life expectancy at 50 years average is lower than anywhere else in the world. With almost one third of export earning earmarked for debt serving living standards are at the mercy of any further fall in the price of export commodities like that which reduced Africa`s export earnings by £19 bn in 1986 (the statistics are supplied by Laurence Harris in the Bretton Woods system and Africa a thesis) All of this picture becomes worse when these statistics are related to what all of you see happening today in your very lives. Retrenchments are on the order of the day, houses have become unaffordable for the majority and shacks are springing up by the day, students are excluded from universities indeed, the list is never ending. Despite what a particular demagogue of one nationalist organization or another might say at one time or another, in practice and this is what really matters all nationalist politicians today and through organizations queued up to be served at the imperialist banquet table. None of them makes any coherent democratic demands which they seriously pursue. It has now become a struggle amongst themselves jointly and severally of who is going to the bourgeois parliament the earliest!

Many of you frequent nationalist gatherings. What do they say? They are at pains to explain to the people that they are the ones who started the negotiations. The others say sure! But we are the ones that came in with the demand that the imperialists or their running dogs must come and supervise the negotiations! We are the ones who demanded a neutral venue! To this level has the South Africa nationalist degenerated.

When the ZANU`s, FRELIMO`s, and others fought for their freedom they for the most part had lofty ideals concerning the destiny of their people! It can be said that by suing for peace the imperialists colonialists in those countries were defending their interests and tricked the people into neo-colonialism. Our nationalists see neo-colonialism in its most barbarous form, yet they are over one another to serve it, prepared to tell lies and go to the extent of hoodwinking the masses as to their real goals.

CITIZENS!

There is only one way in which to see current reforms in their true light. It is by observing them as the unfolding of the dictates of the imperialist bourgeoisie through the Bretton Woods institutions which not only issue the orders but directly manipulates government relevant parties along these lines. Any other claim is a blue lie which can be afforded by experienced and political demagogue!

Because the shyster politician has no programme of his organization and because everything is dependent on the whims of the imperialists and various shades of South African monopoly capital and because the nationalist is proving to be the purveyor and bulwark of the liberal bourgeois interests, there is of course no relevance seen in the revolutionary replace mark of the present bourgeois and racist state with a people democratic republic.

We all know that a state is the organ of force in the hands of one or other ruling class. That history knows of no neutral or classless state. The slave master, the feudal-lord, the bourgeoisie! All of them in historical succession have had organized force to in the final analysis protect their interests. Each one of them in overthrowing the other one as ruling class and in order to impose its own dictatorship has had to fashion a state to enforce the relevant class will over the whole of society.

In this country and at least since the first racist republic in 1961, the racist bourgeoisie has had a firm grip on what is essentially a bourgeois state serving ultimately the interests of all big capitalists.

In the current reforms, not a single negotiator is talking of a different state from the present. The talk of additions to the SADF, the assurances to the mostly white bureaucracy , the smug satisfaction often expressed by the liberal nationalists on the fact that there are blacks in the SAP and prisons authorities all of this does not alter the position one bit. Essentially, what these people are saying is that the present state, complete with its bureaucracy, the army the police and the prisons, is just fine? The fact of the matter is that in so far as suppression is concerned the current state is aiming at the working people and in so far as the people`s needs are concerned , it has no will and shall never be tailored to serve the interests of the people even under the most liberal government of the day.

What the democratic classes and the revolutionary proletariat need for the crowning of the victory over their enemies is a revolutionary peoples dictatorship, a People`s Democratic Republic or a New Democratic Republic which shall be at the service of the people and at the same time a guarantee against the restoration of the counterrevolutionaries.

A New Democratic Republic executing the people`s policies of a new democratic economic system including the expropriation of big capital, the nationalization of all land and the 8hr working day is the surest guarantee that the revolutionary people shall govern their own destiny, the small bourgeoisie shall have a chance to develop free of the monopoly capitalist strangulation- the peasants shall till the land without big capitalist farmers` economic strangulation and the workers shall have time for themselves while there shall exist the potential for further investment for more jobs.

CITIZENS:

Today, the struggle against the regime is even closer than before linked to the struggle against imperialism. The social force most suitably and historically placed to lead this struggle is the revolutionary proletariat.

 

Forward to the New Democratic Republic - Forward!!!

In as much as there is the class struggle going on in society today, in as such as the struggle for the survival of imperialism on the one hand and the victory of socialism on other-in so far as this is the case universally here on earth, of necessity, the stand, the viewpoint and method of the warring classes must be and is different in all things pertaining to human destiny. Should you not be firm, should you waver in matters concerning the interests and destiny of the masses, you must rest assured that the enemy will take full advantage of that weakness in order to drive its own interest home—for if you consider the world as a whole, the imperialist system, far from the bold face its champions And stooges try portray, is fighting for its very survival.

 

 

 

CITIZENS.

We belong to a developing country and with the correct orientation and attitude towards our enemies; we should know what we are talking about.

Let us elucidate our point a bit more. The fact of the disintegration of the Soviet Union as it then was is today a matter known to anyone with the least interest in world politics. And almost any fool will now tell you that at the time of its collapse, the soviet union was led or ruled if you like, by bureaucrats, indeed, bureaucrats who so mismanaged the economy that only a shadow of its former glitter remained when Gorbachov took over.

The imperialists and their lap-dogs the world over wasted no time in decrying socialism as the culprit for the soviet people` Woes. But hardly has the dust settled than many of the pieces are coming together supplied as they are by the imperialists themselves. When the Soviet Union was a super-power and was competing with what the other super-power i.e. the U.S.A imperialists- all the imperialists depicted it as a socialist or communist state in line with what soviet bureaucrats themselves used to claim. But now stories based on fact are all over to the effect that the tight political and military cliques that ruled the Soviet Union in the name of communism actually comprised rich and millionaire cliques including their surrogates. So that, yes, there was oppression and exploitation of the soviet people- yes, there was oppression and exploitation of the soviet and Warsaw pact nations and nationalities—indeed, almost all the general features of Tsarist rule were present and indeed there had to be the disintegration that did occur.

What was the political basis for all this? It was a rule of a bureaucratic clique—a clique that masked itself as Communist but was nevertheless a clique of oppressors and exploiters, as an imperialist block has gone first. Political bureaucracy, a revisionist bureaucracy! What was the socio- economic basis for this? It was like in every capitalist system, a system based on the exploitation of the labour-power of the soviet working classes and on the derivation of maximum profits in the oppression and exploitation of all the non-Russian people under their direct and indirect rule. It was socialism in words and capitalism in deeds—in a word, social- imperialism, part of the imperialist system of exploitation and having nothing to do with socialism.

The pursuit of an adventurous foreign policy based on rivalry with the U.S.A, a rivalry aimed at world domination is what contributed greatest in the final collapse of the Soviet Union, of revisionism and social-imperialism. But the rivalry also affected the U.S imperialists because for both super-powers military superiority became a priority for three whole decades—this greatly drained their national coffers. The Soviet – Warsaw Pact imperialist block has gone first. The U.S is also paying the price with its current 4trillion dollar foreign debt and almost 450bn dollar budget deficit.

I have touched on this question rather briefly in order to make one point quite clear and this is: Do not believe everything you hear from the imperialists and their surrogates especially when they try to teach or inform you on questions of socialism. You cannot trust them even when they speak about themselves except when they are denouncing one another—then you learn the truth about each by reading selectively between the line whilst you gather your own information about the whole system of imperialism.

Let us proceed. Recognition of the mutual exhaustion of the two super- powers as they were then, i.e. the U.S.S.R and U.S.A. was evidenced by the coming into power of Gorbachov in the Soviet Union after the successive deaths of Brezhnev and Andropov and Chernenko. A policy of approachment between the two super-powers led to the lessening of tensions in several regions of the world, particularly in the developing world. This policy was one that came out of necessity and not because of a change of heart between these belligerents. The necessity was one for a much-needed respite by both even for quite clearly different reasons although for both it was economic. The story of Soviet Union is well-known. Regarding western imperialism led by the U.S developments had been taking place towards the restructuring, consolidation and the more thorough implementation of the imperialist system.

We all know that the system of imperialism began to operate as much during the period of the Anglo-Boer War i.e. 1898 – 1902 and that it began to replace the capitalist system of colonialism, imperialism as the highest stage in the development of capitalism replaced the emphasis on raw materials from the colonies with the export of capital and in constructional politics it replaced the direct rule of colonialism with the granting of political independence to one country after another even though in many developing countries, the colonized peoples have had to take up arms before the imperialists made the necessary political adjustments.

The fact of the political independence even though developing countries have had to be dependent on imperialism economically, has the independent countries pursuing socio-economic programmes as they saw fit.

CITIZENS:

Believe us when we tell you that the situation is today completely different. And let us tell you why and you must judge for yourselves. When you do, remember what each and every nationalist politician has said to you, then see for yourselves as to what the role of nationalism is or has become in this changed global situation. Try to find out what difference of principle each nationalist organization has with another or for that matter with the racist minority regime, Inkatha or any of those that our experience has taught us that they are reactionaries. In this talk we shall pass no judgments, you do so yourselves:

Let us then proceed.

In an attempt to address the problems of imperialist political economy- problems which are recurrent and which will haunt imperialism down to its grave, a trend began developing first in Europe and then to America and currently has become the official policy of all imperialism. This trend was for one state controlled industry after another to be privatized—meaning to be converted into the ownership of big capital. Successive of Europe then America were at the same time coming up with the appropriate legislation for the deregulation of industries so as to make privatization more palatable to the monopoly capitalists. Side by side with this privatization and deregulation trend, corporate taxation has been adjusted to suit the big companies whilst measures are passed to retrieve some of the money through a higher personal tax. In short, this accompanying trend is towards lifting the burden of taxation from the corporations and putting it on the working masses. In this two pronged process, the capitalist trend of turning everything into a commodity has sprung to the fore because all social services have been turned into profit linked activities and they too become privatized, these are services such as schools, universities, housing, domestic electricity, etc.

The privatization and deregulation trend which the imperialists began in the advanced countries, they turned on the developing countries. As a conduct for these policies, there already existed two important economic and financial institutions. These are the Bretton Woods institutions, the IMF and the World Bank. They were created in 1944 and have operated in two phases, Mark1 and Mark 2. Mark 1 operated from 1944 until 1971 and was concerned with the rebuilding of post World War 2 Europe, played a role in developing and regulating the international money system and the payment system. Mark 2 came into operation from 1971 and particularly 1978/9 when emphasis of the Bretton woods institutions turned towards the developing countries.

The general repayment crisis of the developing world which screened in the newspaper headlines in the period 1979 to 1986 and included the American Banks’ debt exposure to Latin America in the mid ‘80s thrust the Bretton Woods Institutions into forward positions negotiating and setting up conditions for debt repayments, debt servicing and conditions for further loans, etc. This at the same time gave the imperialists the opportunity to dictate terms of the new imperialist world order

Apart from the privatization and deregulation general framework dictated by world imperialism to developing countries on the basis of investment and loans blackmail through the IMF and the World Bank, let us take a look at some salient points in their structural Adjustment Programme (SAP). The developing countries have been told and do not exclude South Africa:

  1. Devalue your national currency severely so as to stimulate exports hence the so-called financial rand.

  2. Price subsidies must be abolished – hence the revering price of bread, transportation etc.

  3. Lower the wages – hence the so –called social contract that many of the respected trade unions have signed and put into practice with management behind the worker. We could put it this way that instead of struggles for real higher wages, feed the workers demagogy and keep them busy with imaginary political struggle which are anyway neither here nor there.

  4. State investment must be reduced through privatization increasing opportunities for foreign capital.

  5. Trade and exchange restrictions must be abolished or reduced so as to further give advantage to foreign corporations to the detriment of the South African small bourgeoisie ultimately.

In addition to these and few other conditions, there must be in existence constitutions of the so-called multi party democracy where the relevant bourgeois domestic classes are guaranteed monopoly directly or indirectly in the government and state.

It is clear from this and other related facts that the primary cause for the constitutional changes that have in the past decade or so swept the three continents of the developing countries has been pressure from the imperialists themselves, it has been the desperation of imperialism to implement its new world order, an order of restructured and consolidated imperialism the world over. In this pursuit, the genuine struggles of a particular people for progress are harnessed by using the popular organizations to short-circuit the peoples’ demands, to cheat the people of the control of their destiny – and instead, to realize the temporary solutions of the imperialist system and in the process be well rewarded with government positions to a relative extent

But as the restructured imperialism takes over the heretofore socio-economic upliftment roles of developing countries’ governments, it is clear that whoever assists imperialism in its new order must necessarily forego all previously cherished ideals and programmes for the people and must be prepared to serve imperialist super profits in exactly the same manner as Sebe and Mangope have served the regime – and must do so with subterfuge and plain lies. In such a hopeless lapdog position, is it surprising to hear a fully matured nationalist politician warning before the result of his capitulation reaches fruition in this fashion: “People must not expect miracles! People must have realistic expectations” and some such unwarranted confessions!

We have to ask: what must the people expect under a more direct imperialist yoke? What must the people expect when they put their trust and destiny in the hands of those who have used them – no, those who are using them to compete with reactionaries for a place in the imperialist lap? The following trend is to be expected for certain!

 

Between 1976 and1986 the total external debt of the Southern African countries more than doubled US $72 bn. Their debt servicing obligations as a percentage against exports has also more than doubled from 14% in 1979 to 31% in 1987, on average. Taking population growth in to consideration, living standards declined sharply and between 1980 and 1986 GDP per capita fell by an average of 3.4% p.s. and life expectancy at 50 years average is lower than anywhere else in the world. With almost one third of export earning earmarked for debt serving living standards are at the mercy of any further fall in the price of export commodities like that which reduced Africa`s export earnings by £19 bn in 1986 (the statistics are supplied by Laurence Harris in the Bretton Woods system and Africa a thesis) All of this picture becomes worse when these statistics are related to what all of you see happening today in your very lives. Retrenchments are on the order of the day, houses have become unaffordable for the majority and shacks are springing up by the day, students are excluded from universities indeed, the list is never ending. Despite what a particular demagogue of one nationalist organization or another might say at one time or another, in practice and this is what really matters all nationalist politicians today and through organizations queued up to be served at the imperialist banquet table. None of them makes any coherent democratic demands which they seriously pursue. It has now become a struggle amongst themselves jointly and severally of who is going to the bourgeois parliament the earliest!

Many of you frequent nationalist gatherings. What do they say? They are at pains to explain to the people that they are the ones who started the negotiations. The others say sure! But we are the ones that came in with the demand that the imperialists or their running dogs must come and supervise the negotiations! We are the ones who demanded a neutral venue! To this level has the South Africa nationalist degenerated.

When the ZANU`s, FRELIMO`s, and others fought for their freedom they for the most part had lofty ideals concerning the destiny of their people! It can be said that by suing for peace the imperialists colonialists in those countries were defending their interests and tricked the people into neo-colonialism. Our nationalists see neo-colonialism in its most barbarous form, yet they are over one another to serve it, prepared to tell lies and go to the extent of hoodwinking the masses as to their real goals.

CITIZENS!

There is only one way in which to see current reforms in their true light. It is by observing them as the unfolding of the dictates of the imperialist bourgeoisie through the Bretton Woods institutions which not only issue the orders but directly manipulates government relevant parties along these lines. Any other claim is a blue lie which can be afforded by experienced and political demagogue!

Because the shyster politician has no programme of his organization and because everything is dependent on the whims of the imperialists and various shades of South African monopoly capital and because the nationalist is proving to be the purveyor and bulwark of the liberal bourgeois interests, there is of course no relevance seen in the revolutionary replace mark of the present bourgeois and racist state with a people democratic republic.

We all know that a state is the organ of force in the hands of one or other ruling class. That history knows of no neutral or classless state. The slave master, the feudal-lord, the bourgeoisie! All of them in historical succession have had organized force to in the final analysis protect their interests. Each one of them in overthrowing the other one as ruling class and in order to impose its own dictatorship has had to fashion a state to enforce the relevant class will over the whole of society.

In this country and at least since the first racist republic in 1961, the racist bourgeoisie has had a firm grip on what is essentially a bourgeois state serving ultimately the interests of all big capitalists.

In the current reforms, not a single negotiator is talking of a different state from the present. The talk of additions to the SADF, the assurances to the mostly white bureaucracy , the smug satisfaction often expressed by the liberal nationalists on the fact that there are blacks in the SAP and prisons authorities all of this does not alter the position one bit. Essentially, what these people are saying is that the present state, complete with its bureaucracy, the army the police and the prisons, is just fine? The fact of the matter is that in so far as suppression is concerned the current state is aiming at the working people and in so far as the people`s needs are concerned , it has no will and shall never be tailored to serve the interests of the people even under the most liberal government of the day.

What the democratic classes and the revolutionary proletariat need for the crowning of the victory over their enemies is a revolutionary peoples dictatorship, a People`s Democratic Republic or a New Democratic Republic which shall be at the service of the people and at the same time a guarantee against the restoration of the counterrevolutionaries.

A New Democratic Republic executing the people`s policies of a new democratic economic system including the expropriation of big capital, the nationalization of all land and the 8hr working day is the surest guarantee that the revolutionary people shall govern their own destiny, the small bourgeoisie shall have a chance to develop free of the monopoly capitalist strangulation- the peasants shall till the land without big capitalist farmers` economic strangulation and the workers shall have time for themselves while there shall exist the potential for further investment for more jobs.

CITIZENS:

Today, the struggle against the regime is even closer than before linked to the struggle against imperialism. The social force most suitably and historically placed to lead this struggle is the revolutionary proletariat.

 

Forward to the New Democratic Republic - Forward!!!

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